The history of war is characterized by a concentrated and dramatic story, in which most of the time there was no time for thorough accounting. Archives that are incompletely preserved make the immediate memories of the participants more interesting to them. Of course, the reliability of the memory must be checked.
A number of Soviet author (V. Tributs, J. Vinogradov, A. Matvejev, J. Tšernov, etc.) have appeared on the war events of 1941 in West Estonian islands. The "heroic" distortion of the facts in them was not only characteristic of war history.
German historians (W. Melzer, J. Meister) worked in a more realistic way, as did Estonians who appeared in exile (H. Lossman, J. Remmelgas et al.). In the 1990s, we have censored many of the historical histories of censorship, but they can mostly not be based on a systematic database, such as economic historical studies. In the field of naval history, the work of the most productive author of recent years, Mati Õuna, must be mentioned first.
Conquest of Muhu in 1941 In September, German troops were particularly important as it was the key to the subsequent occupation of both Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. This was also understood by the Red Commanders who led the protection of the islands. Dessant could not be a surprise, only the day and time was unknown. Muhu's occupation in 1941 In the war, both Estonians and Finns participated alongside numerous German forces. The facts of the last arrivals to Estonia are still quite unknown in our writing.
During the Second World War, the Finns had several military representatives with coordinating purpose in Estonia, but the planned participation in the direct battle on the Muhu dessert was extraordinary. In the following, I will try to focus on the activities of the Finns, as well as the volunteers of Estonia, by providing basic information about the wider war event only for orientation.
So how did the Finns, who have even been called battalions in Soviet warfare, fall into the waters of Muhu?
1941 In July, a group of motorboats was added to the Finnish Navy, which became its commander, Lieutenant Lieutenant (Lieutenant Colonel), according to Ilmari Virkki, the Virkki unit (Department Virkki). The ship's cruise ship Porkkala (length 32.7 m, speed 10 knots) was allocated as the base ship of the unit, with an advantage of just 2.4 meters. The unit was formed at the request of the Germans, who lacked the power to occupy the Estonian islands in the Gulf of Finland. The German warships were initially threatened by mines everywhere.
In the evening of August 26, "Porkkala" started off from the Finnish archipelago to Loksa. There were 18 boats in Slep, and four motor boats were driving. Thus, the crossing took place before the evacuation of the Soviet naval forces from Tallinn.
56 Virkki unit men started the Estonian trip, incl. "Porkkala" team. Five of them were sailors, other reservists at the beginning of the war. Lieutenant Oiva Korvola, Commander of the Porkkala, Lieutenant Aarne Kuismanen and
Lieutenant Tor-Erik Andersson were the commander of the Porkkala, already named as Lieutenant General. Every boat was assigned a boat driver and a motorist. The unit's armaments were rifles, one maximum-type heavy-duty machine gun and two boxes of Hungarian hand grenades.
The men of the Virkki unit called themselves commanded. If desired, they would have had the opportunity to do so. to abandon their entry into foreign waters. Beside the Finns and the Finno-Swedes, one Estonian - Johan Eilau "Erna" group belonged to the unit, a professional merchant fleet radist.
In the early morning of August 27, "Porkkala", anchored in the Loksa Bay, had three other German passengers - the captain of the navy in the naval form (Captain Major), Alexander Cellarius, and the sonderers Kubitz and Horn.
Virkki unit operatively left Cellarius under control. Corvette Captain Cellarius was a resident of German military intelligence - Abwehr in Helsinki, and thus subordinate to Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, head of intelligence service. Cellarius is in many ways connected with World War II in Estonia. 1
Initially, the planned participation of Finnish boats in the occupation of Aegna and Naissaar fell off as these activities proved to be easier than expected. That is how the proposal to take over the West Estonian archipelago was proposed. Already on the morning of August 27, the Soviet plane attacked Porkkalal on the Loksa Route, but its two bombs fell at a safe distance. After the terrible destruction of the Juminda minefields in the morning of 29 August, two boats were sent to the sea, where tens of Russians and Estonians were rescued. On one rescue trip, four Russians attacked the boat from three unexpectedly three Finns. There was a fierce scuffle where the guns went.
The lost Russians were killed, two wounded Finns were taken to Kolga Lazaret.
No more survivors were found in the sea in the morning of 30 August, "Porkkala" with the boats heading for Prangli. From there, the trip continued, and the rescue boat 47 concealed by the Russian prisoner from the wreck of the "Estonian beach". "Porkkala" turned out to be the first ship that dared to go to the port of Tallinn to defy the mine threat.
On September 3, 1941, Porkkala arrived in Paldiski again before the German warship. Already the same evening, 12 Finnish motorboats traveled with Estonians from the "Erna" group to an exploration trip near Osmussaar. Men and boats were not injured in Osmussaar's open cannon fire.
In the following days, the Finns made a difference between Paldiski and Pakri Islands.
"Porkkala" During his stay in Paldiski, the harbor was visited by a rare visitor - Grand Duke Erich Raeder, who was traveling by car from Berlin to Leningrad.
On the 9th of September, Finnish boats took part in delivering desert units to Vormsi. Lieutenant-Colonel Ilmari Virkki, who studied the shore of a binocular with a boat standing on a boat in the shores of the island, was severely wounded by the Russians. He was taken to Haapsalu Hospital and did not participate in subsequent Finnish operations in Estonia. The name - Virkki unit - naturally remained the same. The German cannon, set in Vormsi after being completely occupied there, severely limited the possibilities of the Red Army in Väinameri.
The immediate prerequisite for Muhu's operation was the conquest of Kessulaiu, charged with commanding the first squadron of the 161. German intelligence unit (161. Aufklärungs-Abteilung), Lieutenant-General Finkenstein.
The Germans started off the mainland dessant in the morning of September 10 at 5:15 on the Sturmboot. As the only Estonian, the 22-year-old volunteer, Otto Peters, contributed to this dessert.
He recalled that the distance to boats that had passed about 15 minutes was given a full turn just near the island when the engine voices were heard anyway. Recreational conditions proved to be appropriate. Residents of a nearby beach yard from the beach house heard that a Russian unit with a radio station was a schoolhouse in that building.
As they moved quickly, they were thrown through the grenades of the windows. Some of the red men were running in the rifle on the forests of Muhu. According to German data (H.-E. Brossok), twenty Russians managed to start their two boats. One boat is sunk in a kilometer west of Kessulai with two "Messerschmidt-109" air strikes. Another boat flew one hundred meters from the beach, but it didn't get the engine running.
The Moonlight forced the Red Army to fall on my neck. O. Peters reminded them that they had to be forbidden to come out of the water for a long time and to be sentenced. The 100-watt radio station fell healthy to the Germans.
The Soviet authors were very brief about the occupation of Kessulaiu. The story of killing Kessulaiu's 15-25 Red Army under the direction of the inhumane Fedossov through Papirahu in Muhu is, at best, only partially valid. This is the case when a boat drowned by German planes managed to pass through some of the refugees by swiming about 2 kilometers to Muhu Beach. Defenders of Kessulai had left the elementary watchdog on the dragon, and the Germans were not given the slightest armed resistance. It was not until 7 am that Muhu opened Kessulaiul fire.
The German pioneer unit, which started its fast-paced operation, brought an anti-aircraft battery before 9 o'clock, a pontoon bridge was built to swap the 210-mm large-piece battery, and an extension telephone cable was transported to the mainland. O. Peters recalled that on the 10th of September, the German 20-mm air defense piece received a sporadic overflow of over 3 kilometers from Muhu.
The Russians' retaliatory event was displaced by fire before their arrival. The German 210-mm cannon battery could be kept under fire from Kessulaiu on the entire east coast of Muhu. With this, the occupation of the positions was over to overcome the Great Strait. At the same time, the conquest of Kessulaiu had to dispel the doubts of the Red Commanders regarding the direction of the impending descent.
It is time to give the background information about the enemy forces before you can follow the activities of the Finns, as well as the volunteers of Estonia.
To protect the West Estonian archipelago, the Baltic Coast Coast Guard was formed under the authority of the Red Fleet; Commander of the District was Lieutenant General A. Jelisseev, Commander-in-Chief G. Zaitsev,
Chief of Staff Major A. Ohtinski.
In the works of Soviet historians, data on the number of staff on the islands have been avoided. The estimated size of the forces at the disposal of General Jelissejev was 24-25 thousand men, 20-21 thousand of them in Saaremaa and Muhu.
Already in 1939 In the establishment of defense insurances commenced after the establishment of a base agreement, the threat of attack was considered secondary to the mainland of Estonia. For the protection of Muhu, a battle unit was formed under the leadership of Polkovnik Nikolai Kljutšnikov, who had the experience of a Division Commander against the Winter War.
According to the Admiral Tribunal, this unit consisted of two battalions (46th and 79th citizens), 37 battalions of the engineering battalion, machine guns, naval ranks, a mine group, three artillery cavalry three batteries, an air defense battery, and a 100-mm shore battery (the largest caliber in Muhus). In total, Muhus had at least 1,500 men in defense positions. The 130-mm stationary battery of the Kbassaare provided them with strong protection.
Lieutenant General S. Haenicke, 61st Infantry Division, was designated as the main force of Muhu's conquest of German 42th Corps of Corps 3, which also had access to artillery and pioneer desert units, assault boats, and fleets of warships, tugs, etc. The airspace was full of Germans. German fire warships of great fire could not be used near Muhu because of a mine threat.
The plan for the conquest of the West Estonian islands was called "Beowulf II". The Muhu dessand, scheduled for September 14, was accompanied by the deception of the 14th-14th Red Commanders. September, widespread cheating on the sea. Obviously, they were not unnecessary, as Muhu was not able to bring additional forces to the dam.
The general scheme of the Muhu operation provided for the 61st division of the 151th Regiment to descend north of Kuivast in the Kansi-Tust region after crossing the Great Strait in the dark. After the bridgehead was created, it was followed by regiments 162 and 176. On the same night of 14 September, the desertant of the 161st intelligence unit on the north coast of Muhu had to leave the town of Matsalu in the area of Matsalu Bay. The aim of this small-headed side eagle was after the bridgehead was set up as far south as possible. t. Reach the back of the forces that are concentrated on the Great Strait, but also disorientate the opponent.
Now is the time to follow the route of the Finnish unit from Paldiski to Saastna, the starting point for the planned dessert for them. The decree on the preparation for the descent of both Finns and many Estonian volunteers was the command of the corvette captain Cellarius on September 10, issued in Tallinn.
On September 11 at 9 o'clock, two tugboats, two larger and three smaller ferries, and 20 fishing boats had to leave Tallinn to Paldiski, where they had to head towards Rohuküla after refueling the motor fuel and the moon. The Estonian captain Lell, the military sonderführer Horn, had to navigate this caravan.
On September 11 at 10 am, so an hour later, 40 fishing boats had to leave Tallinn to Paldiski, navigated by naval lieutenant Loodus 6 and militant military advisor Burchard. Paldiski came along with "Porkkala" (Commander v.-Lt. Korvola) to move towards Rohuküla. The fishing boats had to end up arriving at Saastna, Captain Jürgens. According to Lieutenant Loodus, the war diary, there were actually 46 motorboats in Tallinn, five of which joined Paldiski. Different data on the number of boats on delivery and use are not surprising. There were no spare parts for the engines of boats that were hurriedly collected from Estonian beaches in wartime, and the boats became unavailable due to a simple fault.
Lieutenant Loodus's war diary gives one more detail: instead of Captain Jürgens, originally appointed by Cellarius, Nature is appointing Captain Lelle as a navigational advisor to his unit.
In the Cellarius document, it is astonished that the Admiral Ostlicher Ostsee, the naval commander of the Baltic Sea, is the admiral of Theodor Burchard, a military adviser to the boat warrior. It must be assumed that it had to be born in agreement with the headquarters closer to the main events with a tearful admiral, also showing the latter's tolerance.
"Porkkala" left with two tugs from Paldiski on September 11 at 23.50. Between Osmussaare and the mainland, you walked in the night without any lights. German batteries for Põõsaspea Cape were known about the ride, but for some reason they were not enough.
After lightning the sea rocket, "Porkkala" began to give fire with a prickly flair. The Osmussaare Red Army cannon came to life after the fire of the Germans. But in Paldiski, Burchard, the admiral of Porkkala, had arrived on board ...
The Finns recalled that their 67-year-old steamer had probably never developed such a speed earlier than those hours. The two tugs that came after the steam stayed far behind and were thrown to them with the fire of the cannon, luckily without success.
In the morning of September 12, at 9 am, "Porkkala" was moored in Rohuküla, where on the same day, Haapsalu was driven to the Heltermaa artillery. Rohuküla remained the most southern point of "Porkkala" in Estonian waters.5 The arrival of Auriku in Saastna could have attracted the attention of Russians and brought harm instead.
Virkki's 13 still running motorboats arrived in Saastna on the morning of September 13 at 10.40, four barges hiding from the mouth of Matsalu Bay. Estonian boats also arrived from Rohuküla to Saastna in the morning of September 13th. At the same time, the trucks from Rohuküla to Saastna arrived to the Erna battalion, who had taken part in Vormsi's conquest. At 18 o'clock, Finnish boats and two Estonian motorboat groups drove at sea. The uneven speed of Estonian motorboats appeared. Most of these fishing boats had been collected by Jakob Käin from Viinistu beach, who was a "Erna" group in Finland before the annexation of Estonia in 1940. The engine of one of the Finnish boats still got to break in Saastra.
Dessert operation from Saastna to Nõmmkülla was led directly by Corvette Captain Cellarius. The boats were divided into three groups, led by Lieutenant Kuismanen, Andersson and Lieutenant Loodus in the form of Estonian Navy.
Finnish flags flocked alongside Finnish boats. In addition, two large rubber boats were towed, one with a tank defense team with the crew. Cellarius was a lieutenant in the Kuismanen motorboat.
According to Lieutenant Loodus, there were 101 men in his desert unit at that time. Since L. Loodus's main task was to ensure the navigational part of the dessert, the figure is probably also included in the floating equipment teams from Estonia. Lieuten Loodus was appointed Lieutenant Lieutenant Lieutenant of the Estonian Navy Evald Ordlik and Jaan Riisenberg who both graduated from the Military School in 1940. May
Already in connection with Kessulaiu, Otto Peters was involved in the first wave of the Nõmmküla dessert in the German 161st Intelligence Unit, wearing a Wehrmacht form with another Estonian volunteer Anton Aamisepa. O. Peters, who was in the attack boat, recalls that boats sailed across the sea from Sastna in a long line. Approaching the northern coast of Muhu alongside it, the Estonian naval form commanded one of the boats to turn to the left, after which a lump was formed.
Approaching the beach in Nõmmküla area, there is sometimes an unexpectedly strong fire from minefighters, machine guns, guns and also cannons on the way back. However, the concentration of boats in Saastna might not have been unnoticed. The vigilance of the Red Squads could also be raised by the occupation of Kumari, north of Muhu, by German Navy on September 12, not to mention the actions of Kessulaiu's defenders.
All Finnish boats got lighter hits, one of them became unusable. So 11 Finnish boats returned to Saastna. No one in Virkki's men was hit. Loodus Laanus Lieutenant Jaan Riisenberg was injured by L. Loodus. Nine Estonian boats were hit by a machine gun fire. According to O. Peter's reminiscences, the beach with stone boulders has been less favored than the Kessulaiul, coming to the water.
Wounded out of the sea out of German sanitary pad. The Germans have been surrounded by light-colored life jackets that have been impregnated with cotton for about half an hour. In spite of all this, the deserters landed and formed a bridgehead of a few hundred meters from the beach, waiting for upgrades to the defense positions. The fire continued but the Red Army did not come to the counterattack.
The attack boats mentioned earlier were lightweight craft that were especially suitable for the dessert with their long joystick due to the outboard engine. If necessary, the outboard motor could be lifted up. In addition to the boat driver and the motorist, usually 6-8 desserts were taken. O. Peters recalled that his bow was also equipped with a machine gun for special support.
Boats with various sea features returned to Saastna at around 10 o'clock, Germans came with dead and wounded. Boats were upgraded as much as possible. The men and the military equipment were then placed in the boats. Majority of men in the second desert wave were over 200 Erna Major Major Raimond Hindpere, the volunteer of two battalions of "Erna", and also heavy machine guns and mortars. At 12.10, the boat headed to the sea, stretching out due to the different speeds of Estonian fishing boats. This time the Finnish boat group was led by Andersson, the Estonian boat again, Lieutenant Loodus. When coming to the end, the fire came again. The first company on the German launch boats has been running smoothly. 2. company, incl. 98 Estonians in Finnish boats, sloping too west, coming under a particularly strong fire. Tor-Erik Andersson, who stood up in his boat, was killed in the heart by a bullet hit 8. Madrus E. Räsanen got a bullet wound in the lungs. Lieutenant Hugo Nõmm, Lieutenant General Artur Purge and Lieutenant Johannes Aluoja, Mihkel Laane and Kalju Pärn became wounded.
Paul Jalakas, the volunteer of the second company in Ernalaste, was in one of the largest Finnish boats that drove a large stone about a kilometer from the beach. The head of the company, Nõmm, was wounded by a heavy bullet hunter hit by a standing boat. Appi came to a former German offshore boat, taking six men, after which the Finnish boat was released from the stone. When landing in a single house, it turned out that they were in Seanin, where there was no Red Army protection.
So the second wave of Dessand landed on the east and west of Nõmme from 14:30. Just a few hours later, the Finnish boats that had arrived in Saastna had only three more powered by their own engine.
In the first place, the Germans of the 161st intelligence unit, namely the cyclists' squadron, started off the northern shore of Muhu with the support of 20-mm air defense piers, moving along the road to Sand. Estonian volunteers Otto Peters and Anton Aamisepal 9, together with the German roller coaster and sanitarium, had the honor of walking in front of everything. Someone really had to walk away because it was harder for the vehicle to notice the car.
The opponent repeatedly opened fire on the road but did it too early. The ancestors jumped into the ditch, and a cannon came from behind, eliminating another fire. According to O. Peter, the air defense gangways were mounted on small crawler machines with two rubber wheels in front.
O. Peters had data on the participation of another Estonian in the Muhu dessand. Namely, eight of the islanders who were mobilized by the Red Army in Staraja Russa joined Saastna with his unit. These men were of special interest to the Germans because they were from different places in Saaremaa. The men had told that in the German staff they were interviewed in detail about the wall-sized map of the Red Army, which was built in Saaremaa before the war began. At the same time, O. Peters remembered only Männi, a former sailor, who had been wounded by Muhu-Liiva and with whom he was at the Pärnu hospital. With these 8 archers, the Germans agreed that men would take over Muhu and Saaremaa and then go home. They didn't have a full set of suits, but they were given German outer armor.
The German pre-unit, which moved forward with a repeated wedge, was facing stronger resistance at the cross of the sand. As it turned out later, there was a nearby Muhu Defense Staff. The Germans had many falls in the evening and at night, because of the nature of the soil, they had difficulty digging. Volunteer Otto Peters was also wounded by a grenade, ending his immediate battle remorse.
At night, a reinforced shooter battalion was added to the polkovnik Kljutšnikov from Orissaare's position in Muhu. Those who invaded the island from the continent were attempted to link up with fire in many places. It was not a silly plan because the ammunition stocks of the deserters were sun-beaten and could not count on the air at night. There was also one Kuivastu-Liiva road section.
When on the 14th of September the companies of the second descendant ernalast landed, Nõmmküla was taken from redheads, but was under strong pressure from the wings. For the evening, the people in the wilderness expanded their positions, stayed in Nõmmüki. In the morning of September 15th, a movement to the south of Viira began with the task of cleaning the area between the road and the beach from opponents.
Volunteer Paul Jalakas 10 recalls that the village people were very friendly, offered to eat, and on several occasions there was a local village boy in the ranks of the villagers. It is appropriate to add an extract from the Baltic Coastal Coast Guard Political Statement of September 11, 1941: "The main difficulties in working with the population are the failure to speak Estonian and the weak links of our politicians with the population, which is why we do not have a wide range of active activists at the moment. - -]. "
Indeed, this time we have to agree with the politicians.
South of the village, in the cadastre, there were some redheads with their hands raised. Seeing Lieutenant H. Lossman's Finnish Military Form, one embarrassed prisoner asked if he would cut off his ears and nose. It turned out that the questioner was a Leningrad art student. Major Hindpere then said that in order to cut the ears and the nose, a written request should be made to go to the battalion doctor.
At the Orthodox Church of Rintsi, Russians had secured themselves in a built-up position. This was done by the exact bombardment of the German Air Force, and the people were told to stay at Rint. That day Oskar Aruoja, a wounded man, was wounded.
In the morning of September 16th, the Suuremõisa was moved to where the Väike Väina Dam was overrun by the order of the new fast-ship. The future warfare of the Saints in Saaremaa is no longer the subject of this article.
The main line of the foregoing was the monitoring of the activities of the Finns and Estonian volunteers coming from over the sea. It should be emphasized that the main force of the Muhu conquest was the German 61st Infantry Division, which is briefly summarized below.
The 1st Battalion of the 151th Regiment, which started on the 14th of September after 4 o'clock in Virtsu, arrived at Kuivastu instead of Kansi-Tusti, getting into the fire. The battalion's 1st Company boats were lost at sea, reaching Virtsu instead of Muhu, giving fire. The Germans who suffered heavy losses both at sea and on the beach, however, kept their small bridgehead between the rocks of Kuivastu. The 151st Regiment's 2nd Battalion affirmed itself at 8 o'clock at Kuivastu Beach.
In the battle of both sides with great losses, the Germans conquered Kuivastu for lunch. By the evening of September 14th, oOberst W. Melzer's regiment 151 was able to form a narrow support area of 6 kilometers from Kans to Võiküla. The 162nd Battalion of the 162th Regiment had arrived in Muhu. While the Navy was in charge of organizing a dive in the Sastna, a weak knowledge of the sea conditions, an underestimation of the seafaring knowledge is noticeable in the landfall on the east coast of Muhu. But in the morning of September 14, the Reds were unable to take advantage of their great counter-attack.
The composition of the 162nd Regiment, which formed the second echelon of the 61st Division, was a few weeks earlier with the Estonians who had grown up in Tallinn. Under the leadership of 11 junior Lieutenant Edvard Hurt, about 40 Estonians formed Group 4 of the 7th Battalion 7th Company. The exact time of their arrival in Muhu is unknown, but on the night of September 15, they were already on guard at Mega village south of Hellama, where two Red Army soldiers were imprisoned.
The German units that arrived in Muhu tried to take advantage of the tactical initiative they had taken as soon as possible. In the morning of September 15th at 10 am, Regent Regent oober Melzer was already in Suuremõisa.
The next morning at 7 o'clock, an attack on the dam was started, and the first hauptmann Pankow battalion came first. At 11.05, the German troops were in Orissaare. Lieutenant Nature Boat was operating from 15th to 18th. in September for transportation and towing between Virtsu and Kuivastu.
In the battles after Muhu, the original fierce resistance of the Red Army was repeatedly repeated, followed by a rapid breakdown of protection and frequent detention. Germany's 61st Division lost a total of 2850 men as fallen and wounded in conquering Muhu, Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. The losses of Soviet troops in these battles were three times as large as the fall. In Soviet history, however, the losses of the Germans on the western Estonian islands have reached as much as 40,000 men, which presupposes limited fantasy.
The Finns who completed the agreed task spotted their boats during the Battle of Muhu in the Pollen. On September 16, they headed to "Porkkala" in Haapsalu. On September 24, we were back in Tallinn, where the Virkki unit stayed for 17 days. The efforts of the Germans to use the repaired Finnish boats did not bear fruit. In the evening of 11 October at 18.10, Porkkala moored in the port of Helsinki, with all 22 boats. The one-and-a-half-year trip to Estonia, during which men were not allowed to exchange correspondence with their relatives, was over.
The story of the Virkki unit with the Finns in 1941 however, warfare on our islands is not limited. Namely, from the beginning of September, one of the main directions of the Finnish seaplane intelligence trips was Muhu Strait, later until the beginning of October the airspace of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. It remains to be said that tribal relations can also be heavenly.
Finally, data about the future life of the above-mentioned central characters. Leopold Loodus, the Navy, participated in the occupation of West Estonian islands with his boat unit. As with many others, he had to be disappointed in German official politics after a arms trade.
Already in 1942, L. Loodus moved to Finland, where he was soon appointed as the 1st officer of "Uusimaa"; From June 30, 1944, he was the commander of the "Karelian" barge ship in the rank of Lieutenant General. It was probably the most responsible service among many Estonian volunteers served in the country and navy. L. Nature was awarded with the Finnish Freedom Medal. 1944 In the autumn, he moved to Sweden, in 1950, to Canada, where he died on 21 October 1967.
The wounded commander of the Finnish unit, Lieutenant General Ilmari Virkki, died in 1977. Major Raimond, the leader of the "Erna" battalion in Muhu, was named September 17, 1944 when Hindpere fell. Harjumaa. On September 17th, Alexander Cellarius, a frigate captain, arrived in Tallinn from Tallinn by plane, and he traveled to Berlin. After the war, Cellarius was even in office until 1968 with General Gehlen of the German Federal Intelligence. There is knowledge that will resist all the times...
Saaremaa Muuseumi Kaheaastaraamat 1997 - 1998
1. Alexander Cellarius was born in 1898. In Chelyabinsk Oblast Troitsky. Since 1939 He was a German Navy Attaché in September.
Following the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1940. In the summer he was appointed to the German Embassy in Helsinki.
1939-1941 a. led the Abwehr service "Kriegsorganisation Finland / Estland".
1941 In July, Cellarius was appointed head of the newly formed "Abwehrnebenstelle Reval".
1942 was promoted to the frigate captain (captain of the captain). An energetic and reputable officer, he was not equally valued by the Nazi Party
2. Indirectly, this figure is confirmed by the number of Red Army prisoners counted after the conquest of West Estonian islands - 15388.
3. The battleground of the 61st division from East Prussia began in 1939. in September in Poland, later fought in France.
Division Commander Siegfried Haenicke and 151th Regiment Commander Walther Melzer received Knight's Cross for conquering Tallinn.
4. The study by W. Melzer gives an accurate overview of the units and floating equipment at the disposal of the 42nd Army Corps, but it does not reveal what part of them was used to capture Muhu.
5. "Porkkalal" did not lead Itn. Muiskaniemi, as H. Lossman writes, because there was no such name in the Virkki unit. It is possible that Kuismanen's name had changed into memory of Muiskaniemi because of its aural identity.
6. Leopold Loodus (born 8.3.1911 in the municipality of Mustjala in Saaremaa) had graduated from Saaremaa Joint Gymnasium, since 1930. in the Navy.
Studied 1932-1935 (intermittently) at the Finnish Maritime School, in 1934 he was promoted to Lieutenant Lieutenant, 1940 Lieutenant.
Served the submarine "Lembit" and others. officer positions. On July 7, 1793, 9 Commander of the Army Headquarters Department II was in command of Germany.
7. Kauppinen, a veteran of the Virkki unit, recalls that the official name of the desert people gathered in Saastna - the 161th intelligence unit - at that time did not know or hear what was used. For Finns it was just a Cellarius unit (Sondergruppe Cellarius).
8. T.-E. Andersson is buried in the Porvoo Cemetery.
9. In October 1941, A. Aamisepp fell in Nurse, Hiiumaa.
10. P. Jalakas had graduated from Saaremaa Common Gymnasium in the same class with former naval lieutenant Lieutenant Evald Ordlik.
11. E. Hurt was an officer of the pioneer battalion in the Estonian army, a military skiing champion. He left the Red Army in Võru before being sent to Russia and joined German forces. His group, which was completed in Tallinn, also included islands. Edvard Hurt fell 26 September 1941 At the age of 25 and buried with his group of soldiers, Meigo and Raiendo, behind the village of Tehumardi, by the road.